Fields of practice

Karmen is an attorney-at-law with outstanding legal expertise in human rights, intellectual property, media and international and EU trade law. She also participates in resolving private law issues arising from the everyday economic activities of clients

Professional experience

2010 – Attorney-at-Law at TRINITI Law Firm (previously Tamme Otsmann Ruus Vabamets)
2009-2010 Lawyer at Tamme & Otsmann Law Firm
2006-2008 Lawyer at Estonian Public Broadcasting

During her law practise Karmen has advised on many notable media and IP-related court proceedings in the Estonian market such as:

  • Delfi versus Estonia in the European Court of Human Rights, including the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights;
  • Tallinn City versus Äripäev: we successfully argued that the city of Tallinn does not have legal claim involving injury to the city’s reputation;
  • LHV versus Äripäev: we successfully argued that the media in realizing its “watchdog” role in society has the privilege to publish material that is the object of public interest based on circumstantial evidence;
  • Estonian Authors Union versus Viasat, where we successfully represented Viasat AS in a case of pan-European significance about whether satellite service providers need to obtain the authors’ consent or pay remuneration for their activities

Professional Membership

  • Expert attached to the Council of Europe Committee on Cross-border Flow of Internet Traffic and Internet Freedoms (MSI-INT committee) and Committee on Internet Intermediaries (MSI-NET)
  • Coordinator of UN IGF Coalition on Freedom of Expression of Media on the Internet
  • Member of the Committee of Intellectual Property and Information Technology of the Estonian Bar Association
  • Member of the Estonian Bar Association since 2009

Academic Experience and publications

  • Turk, Karmen; Pild, Maarja (2019). With, or Without a Kratt – That Is the Question. A Civil Law View of Robots and Artificial Intelligence. Juridica, 1, 43-55.
  • 2016 – Expert for European Union and Council of Europe Programmatic Cooperation Framework for Armania, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Republic of Moldova, Ukraine and Belarus regardin training of judges and prosecutors in rule of law in online environment
  • 2014 – Visiting Lecturer at the University of Tartu in IT-Law Masters Program (Intellectual Property in Informational Society; Human Rights and Internet)
  • 2014 – Lecturer at the University of Tartu (Intellectual Property in Informational Society);
  • 2014 – Expert for Joint Programme between the European Union and the Council of Europe for Strengthening Information Society in Ukraine regarding the Internet and human rights course for the National School of Judges of Ukraine;
  • 2014 Judge, finals of Estonian Moot Court (University of Tartu);
  • 2014 Visiting lecturer for “Human Rights and Technology” (Tallinn University of Technology, law institute);
  • 2013 Visiting lecturer for ”Open Culture in the Example of Wikipedia” (University of Tartu, Institute for Computing Sciences)
  • Turk, Karmen (2014). Pros and Cons of the Measures Used for Identifying Persons in the Digital Environment. Juridica, 3, 175 – 188;
  • Lahe, Janno; Turk, Karmen (2012). The Web Host’s Privilege of Limited Liability: Its Application to Operators of Commentary Rooms. European Review of Private Law, 447 – 472

Contribution to Lawmaking

  • Expert attached to the Council of Europe Committee on Cross-border Flow of Internet Traffic and Internet Freedoms (MSI INT committee) to draft Recommendation CM/Rec(2015)6 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the free, transboundary flow of information on the Internet and Recommendation on Internet Freedom;
  • Participation in the preparation of the bills of the Tourism Act, Copyright and Related Rights Act


  • Karmen graduated from the Faculty of Law of the University of Tartu, Estonia in 2004;
  • Since then she has acquired a magister iuris from the University of Tartu and the University of Helsinki;
  • As of date she is a PhD candidate in the law faculty of the University of Tartu, Estonia


Karmen is fluent in Estonian and English. She also speaks Russian, French and Finnish


Her free time is dedicated to her family, friends, scuba-diving, kitesurfing and snowboarding