TEN-T Network – an Ambitious Plan to Connect Europe
TEN-T – the Trans-European Network of Transport is a new EU infrastructure policy to create a truly Pan-European transport network across all 28 Member States by 2030. Its 9 major corridors will link North with South (2 corridors), East with West (3 corridors) and add additional 4 diagonal corridors to replace today’s transport patchwork. The goal of the TEN-T policy is to provide the missing links between East and West, remove bottlenecks, upgrade infrastructure and streamline cross-border transport for passengers and businesses throughout the EU.Source: http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/infrastructure/doc/ten-t-country-fiches/ten-t-corridor-map-2013.pdf
Investments into European transport networks will triple
Building and upgrading of transport infrastructure requires substantial investments. Despite the down-sizing of the EU budget in many areas it has been agreed with the member states that financing for the transport infrastructure will triple for the budget period 2014-2020 to €26 billion. This will be focused on the core transport network where the most EU added value is. To prioritise East-West connections nearly half of the EU transport infrastructure funding will be ring-fenced only for cohesion countries. This special-purpose instrument has been named Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) and amounts to €11.3 billion.
Existing coverage needs to be transformed into easy use and efficiency
The EU currently comprises ca 5.000.000 km of paved roads, out of which 65.100 km are motorways, 212.800 km of rail lines (of which 110.458 km electrified), and 42.709 km of navigable inland waterways. Efficient and inter-operable transport networks are fundamental for the functioning of the internal market, mobility of people and goods and for the overall cohesion of the European Union. TEN-T is aimed also at improving connections between different modes of transport and contribute to the EU’s 2020 climate change objectives.
TEN-T has its roots in Articles 154 – 156 of the Treaty establishing the European Community which provide the policy of pan-European networks incl achieving the objectives of the internal market and in promoting the social and economic cohesion in the interests of all citizens, entrepreneurs, regional and local communities of the EU.
Already €400 billion has been invested
The initial TEN-T guidelines were adopted already in 1996 and last amended in 2004 involving two planning levels: a) the overall network’s level (general plans for the network of railways, roads, inland waterways, multimodal transport, airports and harbours) and b) the level of 30 prioritised projects (chosen among projects of common interest).
The overall TEN-T network involves 95.700 km of roads, 106.000 km of railways (including 32.000 km of high-speed railways), 13.000 km of inland waterways, 411 airports and 404 harbours. Most of those connections and transport nodes already exist. As much as €400 billion have been invested into the TEN-T network already and the investments have helped complete several projects of common interest, interconnect the transport networks of Member States and bridge technological gaps between them.Source: http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/infrastructure/new-core-network-key-figures_en.htm